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Phonics in Year 1


Children are taught 4 Basic Skills to develop reading and writing.

1. Learning the letter sounds. (44 Phonemes)

2. Hearing sounds within words. (Segmenting = writing)

3. Blending the sounds together to make a word. (Blending = reading)

4. Letter formation. (learning what the letter looks like and the sound it represents (grapheme)


Children also need to be able to read and spell the Year 1 high frequency and tricky words.


The resources below are available to help your child practise their letters and sounds.  If you are unsure which phase your child is currently working on please speak to a member of the Year 1 team.


Phase 2

Phase 3

Phase 4

Phase 5