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Phonics at St. James

Phonics (Letters & Sounds)

At St James' we follow Letters and Sounds to support the systematic teaching of phonics. Children begin the Letters and Sounds programme at the start of Reception year and continue across Key Stage 1 (Years 1 and 2). Every child between Reception and Year 2 has a 15-20 minute phonics session every day.

The Letters and Sounds programme is separated into six Phases - your child's teacher will be able to tell you which Phase your child is currently working on.


If you require any further support, please come into school and speak with your child's class teacher or our Phonics co-ordinator, Miss Bryan.


Learn to Read with Phonics: A Parent's Guide

Phonics is a method of learning to read words that is taught from the start of Reception.

Read this guide to find out how your child uses phonics at school and how you can help at home.


Phonics Audio Guide

There are 26 letters of the alphabet but they make 44 sounds. Use this audio guide to hear all 44 phonic sounds, on their own and in example words.

How to say the phonics sounds:


Phonics Glossary

We hope the following glossary is useful to you when using our Letters and Sounds pages. Always feel free to come in and talk to us if you require any further support.


Blending is the skill of joining sounds together to read words. Children are taught to say the separate sounds in a word and to then blend them together to decode the word.


 A digraph is a sound that is represented by two letters e.g. the sound 'a' in rain is represented by the digraph 'ai'.


A grapheme is a visual representation of a sound e.g. a letter or a group of letters.

Some sounds are represented by a single letter whilst others are represented by more than one letter.


 A phoneme is a unit of sound e.g. the word 'cat' contains three phonemes; c - a - t.


 Segmenting is the opposite of blending. Children are taught to segment a word into its separate sounds in order to spell it.

 split digraph

 A split digraph is a digraph that is separated by other letters e.g. the sound 'a' in the word take is represented by the split digraph a-e.